Mexico is a country located in North America, bordered by the United States in the north and Belize and Guatemala in the south. Because of its various leisure possibilities and its touristic tradition, it is considered the top favorite destinations in Latin America.
Since Mexico is actually a federal republic, its full official name is United Mexican States (Estados Unidos Mexicanos). Mexico is a federal republic divided into 31 states (estados) and a federal district. Each state has its own constitution and legislature. Mexico's federal district containing the capital, Mexico City, has particular state with limited powers compared to the 31 states.
From the geographical point of view, Mexico is part of Central America. Baja California Peninsula, with a length of 1,250 km, is located in the west and forms the Gulf of California. On the eastern side of the Gulf of Mexico, there is the other important peninsula of the country - Yucatán. The largest city is the capital, Mexico City, which has over 19 million inhabitants and is one of the largest conurbations in the world. Other cities with over one million inhabitants are Guadalajara, Monterrey, Toluca, Puebla, Tijuana, Chihuahua, Ciudad Juárez, and Torreón León.
Although Mexico is commonly associated with desert land, the southern parts of the country have a tropical climate, being situated below the Tropic of Cancer. The main rivers are the Rio Grande, in the extreme north and south Usumacinta, plus Grijalva, Balsas, Panuco and Yaqui inside. Popocatepetl is one of the most important and dangerous active volcanoes, being a part of the Ring of Fire.
If you mention the country’s complex and fascinating history, we need to remember several periods of utmost importance: the Mayan era, the conquistadors and the revolution led by Emiliano Zapata.
So Mexico is a holiday destination where certainly you will not get bored, no matter if you want to know more about the Mayans and archeological sites, or dance cumbia and indulge yourself in guacamole and other delicious traditional dishes sprinkled with tequila, or simply admire the Pacific Ocean while catching tan on some of the most beautiful beaches in the world.
But there is one thing that’s quite specific for Mexico: cave diving in Yucatan! Riviera Maya, located between Playa del Carmen and the archeological town of Tulum, is the richest area in the world when it comes to the great number of underwater caves. In this region you can find miles of underwater passageways and over one hundred cave entrances that will take your breath away with their spectacular scenery and other worldly beauty.
Scientist say that they were formed during the Ice Age, when water levels were so low that many of these passages were exposed to air during hundreds of thousands of years. Throughout these years, the stalactites, stalagmites, columns and a tremendous variety of surreal shapes of all sizes have been formed under the influence of numerous natural factors.
I will name only a few, in a top five of tourists preferences: Choc Mool, Taj Mahal, Minotauro, Dos Ojos, La Calavera – a mysterious underwater cave which seems to be the cemetery of an entire community, hosting more than 120 human skeletons whose provenience is still unknown - and Mayan Blue.
I will focus on the latter, for now, as it is amazingly vast and complex.
Mayan Blue is actually an L-shaped lagoon. The A tunnel entrance is closest to the parking area; the B tunnel entrance is mid-way down on the left; and, the Dead Zone entrance is at the far end. Every entrance connects with the others in some manner.
The A and B tunnels go upstream and connect at several points. The A tunnel will take you to the Battleship Room and to the connection point to Naharon (the Naharon to Mayan Blue traverse is a popular guided dive). The B tunnel line connects not only to the A tunnel, but also to the E and F tunnels, plus many other jumps. Numerous circuits are possible.
The Dead Zone goes downstream, in the direction of Ox Bel Ha. The line goes to the Cenote of the Sun; however, among the many possible jumps, there is one that will take you back around to the A tunnel.
Depths vary widely throughout the system and can approach 80 feet in the saltwater zone. Like Naharon, the freshwater layer will tend to be dark — especially as you get further upstream. The saltwater layer, in contrast, will tend to be very white.
You could spend an entire week in Mexico just diving Mayan Blue. There are so many tunnels, and so many places to go, you could make over a dozen different dives there and see something new on every one.
So book you flight, dive deep into the blue Mexican waters and you will remain with an incredible experience that few people have.
UNDERWATER CAVES IN MEXICO - A MYSTERY THAT STILL WAITS TO BE DISCOVERED UNDERWATER CAVES IN MEXICO - A MYSTERY THAT STILL WAITS TO BE DISCOVERED